This is the key step. Then the publishers, or at least a couple of large multinational ones, bankrupt our libraries by charging exorbitant subscription fees. Schematic diagrams are usually more informative than photographs: Materials and methods This should be easy to write, especially if your lab journal is well documented.
Most importantly, consider the possibility that the reviewers are correct. I think that writing text is not a good way to begin. Figures with symbols differentiated by colour rather than shape, data without error bars, inefficient use of space and especially figures made using Excel: In most cases, putting the legend in the figure rather than the caption, makes it easier for readers to understand.
Spend some time plotting your results — perhaps in several different ways. If a good reviewer takes several hours to read the paper and to give explicit suggestions on how it can be improved and made easier to understand, then that represents an important and very efficient contribution. The figures need not be in final form, indeed a sketch will be enough.
As researchers, we create the content for journals, we review them, we edit them and very often we deliver them to the publisher in a form that requires very little effort to publish.
Figure captions Try to keep the captions short, but still allow the information in the figure though not necessarily the explanation to be understood on its own. It has the disadvantage, especially if there are many parts to each section, that one either has to repeat material, or else ask the reader to skip backwards and forwards between sections.
Style Research papers are written in a relatively formal style — more formal than this document. Abstract As a reviewer and editor, I am weary of reading abstracts that are largely introduction.
From my perspective as an editor, the system of peer review seems to work very well. This is almost never the case. This last is defined in a number of different ways, including this one: Editors may ask the same question about your paper.
Results and discussion Should the results and discussion be separate or a single section? Different journals have different prestige, popularity, impact and impact factor.
A well-made schematic diagram is usually more helpful than a photograph of the apparatus. Some people use impact factor to obtain a simple quantitative estimate of importance. Then I try assembling them in different orders, to find which is the most logical. Do bring these questions to the forefront of your attention from time to time.
Calibration might go here, unless it is either trivial and standard so omit or novel and important, in which case it could be part of the result. Using separate sections has the advantage that the reader can look through the results and try to understand them, without being biased by your explanation.
A very large majority of probably very good papers are rejected at this stage as being insufficiently important and interesting to attract widespread interest from a very broad readership. Sometimes, you may be able to rewrite and to resubmit.
One option might be posting a manuscript version of the final published paper.WRITING TIPS SERIES Effective writing and publishing scientiﬁc papers, part VII: tables and ﬁgures 1.
What you should know Tables and ﬁgures are an. Writing and publishing a scientific paper. Writing and publishing a scientific paper Figures are often the most important part of a scientific paper, so please take some time making really good quality figures.
(probably very good) papers are rejected at this stage as being insufficiently important and interesting to attract widespread. Effective writing and publishing scientific papers, part VI: discussion. Cals JW, Kotz D. PMID: [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE] Publication Types: Editorial; MeSH Terms.
Biomedical Research; Humans; Publishing* Research Report/standards* Writing. Effective writing and publishing scientific papers, part VII: tables and figures.
Kotz D, Cals JW. PMID: [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE] MeSH Terms. Biomedical Research; Humans; Publishing* Research Report/standards* Statistics as Topic; Writing. Effective Writing and Publishing Scientific Papers Recommended articles published in in the Journal of Clinical Epidemiology.
Overview of the Series on Writing and Publishing. Full-Text Paper (PDF): Effective writing and publishing scientific papers - Part I: How to get started.Download