Think of where their inquiry into habitat took that first-grade class: When I started out, like many teachers, I struggled to engage my students. What is the difference between a good and a not-so-good school?
The exhibits included labels of essential features, the kinds of food sources required by the animals, and anything else the students thought important. Researchers have identified many criteria for composing a good essential question, but I have found that meeting just three suffices: Find key ideas and details as signaled by the repeated words.
You might use well-written passages as samples for the rest of the class. Likewise, you can proceed from the kind of composing you want students to do. Tell students to write the repeated words below the passage.
To foster thinking about processes, the question could be rephrased as How can we make the best possible school? By asking essential questions.
He has written or cowritten 20 books on literacy. Guide them through the text line by line, looking for repeated words. To do that, we need to determine how the text is organized. They learned to write interview questions and interviewed classroom visitors, including a wildlife biologist and a science professor.
These meaty words lead us to essential information.
Then tell them to write a short nonfiction piece that reflects the repeated words and important ideas stated in the organizer. If additional practice is needed, have small groups summarize an experience they had recently.
What Makes an Essential Question Effective? When we summarize informational nonfiction, we choose only the most important information that helps us remember what we have read.
Essential questions can be geared toward uncovering a topic. And through their role-play, they even viewed the habitats from the perspectives of their life-forms.
Wilhelm is a professor of education at Boise State University.
Or you could focus on traits with a question like What is courage? How do we summarize informational nonfiction text? The learning objectives in this lesson provide for large-group instruction and discussion, small-group exploration, partner interaction, and individual application of the concepts.
Instructional Procedures View Focus question: Then review the information on your organizer and write a summary in the column on the right. And when elementary students are learning about characterization, for example, as required by the Common Core State Standards, you can create a context for an inquiry with an essential question as straightforward as What makes a good friend?
The phrasing of the essential question organically informs the kinds of learning activities and culminating projects students will undertake to answer it. As culminating projects, the students composed alphabet books describing the features of good homes and created habitat exhibits of the creatures they had studied—lobsters, black bears, and other life-forms—for a living history museum.
And it should connect what they learn back to the real world, where they can put their new understandings to work. In my 31st year of teaching, I can honestly say that all of my classes are turbocharged with energy. Write the topic in the top box. Read the text to students.Together, use the repeated words and essential facts to write a summary of the passage on the board/interactive whiteboard.
(Use student-generated sentences if they are accurate.) Have students summarize to get the main idea. sentences of summary: Summarize the important aspects of the assigned reading in four sentences.
3 sentences in response to one of the essential questions: Write out the question and a thoughtful response as it relates to this reading. 2 favorite quotes or important/powerful sentences: Write them out with the page numbers.
Essential questions organically inspire the kinds of narrative, informational, and persuasive writing required by the Common Core. Jasmine’s class wrote stories about various animals that focused on the setting of their habitats, and wrote informational texts using summary, description, and comparison.
Step 2: Respond/ to the essential question/ standard/ objective in one sen tence—this is the introductory sentence to the summary. Use your own words in writing your summary. Step 3: Review the first chunk of notes on the right side.
Step 4: stReread the first question written for the 1 chunk. Step 5: Write a one-sentence response to this. Essential Questions for Writing Writing is a skill that extends far beyond the classroom. When students feel confident putting pen to paper, or keystroke to screen, it can enhance their effectiveness as communicators.
How to Write a Summary With thanks to: Swales, John M. and Christine B. Feat. Academic Writing for Graduate Students, Essential Tasks and Skills. Ann Arbor: U Michigan P, Preparing to Write: To write a good summary it is important to thoroughly understand the.Download