Beginning ina series of literacy surveys showed that the average reader in the U. If you have more than just a few definitions, put them in a schedule at the end—not at the beginning.
Prefer the singular over the plural. Make everything you write speakable. Not even curling irons will be used. It represents the work of the race for thousands of years in perfecting an effective instrument of communication. It is language that avoids obscurity, inflated vocabulary and convoluted construction.
Break down enumerations into parallel provisions. Their efforts spurred the publication of over readability formulas and 1, published studies on readability. Use strong, precise verbs.
It is commonly assumed that children and adults prefer trashy stories in large measure because they are more exciting and more stimulating in respect to sex. Use a readable typeface.
Plan all three parts: Ineducational psychologist William S. Only elegance and neatness will remain. Create ample white space—and use it meaningfully. All noticeable pearls, as it were, will be excluded.
While it may seem close to everyday speech, achieving the effect in formal discourse is a high and difficult art: President Jimmy Carter signed Executive Orderwhich said that federal officials must see that each regulation is "written in plain English and understandable to those who must comply with it".
You must follow this order until the court changes or ends it, your case is finalized or dismissed, or you and your spouse make an agreement. Byeight states had also passed legislation related to plain language.
In fact, he makes use of metaphor and simile to teach us what the plain style is all about: Representative Bruce Braleynoted upon its passage that "The writing of documents in the standard vernacular English language will bolster and increase the accountability of government within America and will continue to more effectively save time and money in this country.
Refer to people and companies by name. This will save cost. In addition to its purely linguistic plainness, the Plain Style employed an emphatic, pre-Petrarchan prosody each syllable either clearly stressed or clearly unstressed.
Minimize definitions and cross references. A count of the vocabulary of "best sellers" and a summary of it in terms of our list would thus be very instructive. Be forthright in dealing with counterarguments. Learn how to find reliable answers to questions of grammar and usage.
You must hand over your guns. Habitually gauge your own readerly likes and dislikes, as well as those of other readers. There is, however, reason to believe that greater ease of reading in respect to vocabulary, construction, and facts, is a very important cause of preference.The book Legal Writing in Plain English, Second Edition: A Text with Exercises, Bryan A.
Garner is published by University of Chicago Press. Based on years of Garner’s research and teaching, this book elevates the standard of what a legal-writing text can and should be.
Get a copy for every law student, lawyer, and legislator that you. Legal Writing in Plain English (in 10 parts) $1, for all ten parts; $ for each part.
(additional-viewer license: $99 per person for each session). Others who later led plain language and readability research include educator Edgar Dale of Ohio State, Jeanne S. Chall of the Reading Laboratory of Harvard, and George R.
Klare of Ohio University. American law schools began requiring students to take legal writing classes that encouraged them to use plain English as much as possible and. Plain English Campaign is an independent group fighting for plain English in public communication.
We oppose gobbledygook, jargon and legalese. Home / Professional / Legal Research & Writing; Style Guides / Plain English for Lawyers.
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You must be logged in to post a review. for writing in plain English to create clearer and more informative disclosure documents. We are publishing this handbook only for your general information. Of course, when drafting a document for filing with the SEC, you must make sure it meets all legal requirements.
Acknowledgments This handbook reflects the work, ideas, and generosity.Download